Liveness” –

a) The author who wrote about the term.
b) The meaning of the term, as it pertains to the topics covered in this course. (You should plan on writing at least a few sentences to adequately explain the
definition of the term.)
c) A television example that exemplifies the term. (You only need to write about one example: a television show OR episode, OR character, OR plotline from a TV
show, OR a block of shows, OR an entire network. You may give more than one example if you wish but only one is required. Please note that you must write about a
television example, not a film example – see below for a reminder about what counts as “television”.)
d) How the television example relates to, and illustrates, the term. (You should plan on writing 1 to 2 paragraphs—6 to 12 sentences at least—to explain how your
example relates to the term.)
Points will also be deducted for improper formatting – proper formatting = listing out the different parts of each answer as a., b., c., d.
1. What counts as “television”?
• “Films” or “movies” are approx. two hours in duration (unless they are “shorts” or “documentaries”) and they are made for THEATRICAL RELEASE not home or
private consumption. When you go to the movies, you buy a ticket and go sit in a cinema with other people. I recognize that this distinction may fade over time (for
example, some films are released on video-on-demand or on Netflix at the same time that they are released in movie theaters). But even in simultaneous release cases,
the media text called a “movie” or “film” was MADE for theatrical release.
• Television is made for private and/or home consumption. Television series or shows are narrative serial productions consisting of multiple episodes, typically
either 1 hour or 30 minutes in duration.
• Netflix, Hulu, or Amazon original series count as TV.
• TV movies count as TV. If you’re not sure if a two-hour movie was made for TV or for theatrical release, check the title on IMDB.
• Animated TV serials count as TV. This includes Japanese anime series.
• Original online series or web series accessible on YouTube or other online platforms count as TV.
• Webisodes (paratextual content made in conjunction with a TV series or original online series) also count as TV.
• Short commercials (ads that air on broadcast or cable television, as well as ads on YouTube and Hulu and Amazon) count as TV.
• Music videos (including Vevo videos on YouTube and elsewhere) count as TV.
I recognize that in the near future, every single type of audiovisual content may be available for private and/or domestic consumption at the same time as it gets
released to theaters, so that even if the two-hour format persists (and even if cinemas endure), every text may be primarily produced for home release rather than for
theatrical release. But for now, the media industries still make a distinction between “film” and “television,” and I maintain that distinction as well. You will get
ZERO (0) POINTS for using film examples in a course about television and social media.
2. A hint: Write about the BIG PICTURE.
When you write parts b) and d) in the ID Questions, and when you compose your essay, be sure to write about the BIG PICTURE: what the term means, on a society-wide or
industry-wide or culture-wide scale. For example: Does the concept/term mark a major SHIFT, from one thing to another? If so, make sure to talk about that shift –
what changed in society or the industry or the culture. Some terms aren’t about big shifts, they’re about a certain society-wide anxiety or fear, or a specific
movement, or an important trend, or a cultural trend/tendency, or how different concepts are linked, or a key industry framework. The key to success on the exams in
this class is to summarize, clearly and explicitly, what you have learned from the lectures and readings about how these terms and concepts are significant in culture
and society.