Improving the Energy Policymaking Process and Integration of Sustainability Metrics into Decision-Making

Improving the Energy Policymaking Process and Integration of Sustainability Metrics into Decision-Making

Summary of the Topic

The topic explores the energy policymaking process, which outlines the various perspectives of address the climate change effects across the world. The energy policymaking process encompasses the strategies for enhancing the economic and social wellbeing of citizens in developing and developed nations (Kaya et al., 2019). The process seeks to build a more robust, cleaner, and fairer environment than the current circumstances created by irresponsible human actions. Countries adopt strategies and create forums for sharing experiences, evaluating, and implementing solutions to the energy problems in readiness for social, economic, and environmental changes (Howells et al., 2013). The energy policymaking process will cover the key sustainability pillars such as the society, environment, and economy alongside their role in influencing the policies for achieving the set sustainability outcomes. However, nations have not taken the deliberate problem solving despite the obvious climate change threat (Dermont et al., 2017). The policymaking process remains an iterative and cyclical activity whose agenda as well as content varies across the global economy.

The integration of the various sustainability metrics into the decision-making around energy policymaking is an important discourse. The key metrics for consideration include greenhouse gas emissions, water use, water pollution, energy-generation mix, and waste generation (Jacob-Lopes, 2021; Cabezas & Diwekar, 2012). The sustainability metrics underline the extent of climate risk, carbon emissions, and energy consumptions, which could reveal the direct detriment to the environment. Therefore, the sustainability metrics guide decision-making process based on the effectiveness and impact of the existing policies. The topic prompts a discussion on the internal and external processes by countries to measure as well as improve their sustainability performance besides the revising the existing energy policymaking framework.

Outline

  1. Energy Policymaking Process at the Global Level
    1. Sovacool (2013) examined the policymaking process in Denmark following its transition into wind energy technology as opposed to imported oil and coal in 1970s
    2. Blanchet (2015) recognized the grassroot challenges of maintaining the effectiveness of a local energy system in Berlin besides influencing the implementation of a visionary local energy transition
    3. Kuzemko (2013) explained the energy relations between the European Union (EU) and Russia to understand the divergent concepts or perspectives’ impact on the policymaking process
    4. Littlefield (2013) recognized the complexity of the energy policymaking process as a critical and intricate phase in the US considering conflicting issues of taxation, regulations, and technology promotion
  2. Energy Policymaking Process in Saudi Arabia
    1. Salam and Khan (2017) studied the investment of Saudi Arabian government in the ambitious 41Giga Watt solar installation project to underline transition on clean energy
    2. Mansouri et al. (2013) recognized companies and electricity sector in Saudi Arabia as part of the policymaking process as the countries projects to curb the emissions with solar photovoltaic technologies by 2025
    3. According to Mujeebu and Alshamrani (2016), Saudi Arabia has taken policy-level measures increased public awareness, and invested the best technologies to match global trends in energy conservation as well as management
  • Sustainability Metrics in Decision-Making
    1. Shortall and Davidsdottir (2017) interviewed decision-makers in Iceland and found varying relevance of using efficiency, energy security, renewables, energy affordability, and equity as the best metrics
      1. Challenges of misalignment with the sustainable development principles, lack of methodological transparency, and inappropriateness limited Iceland’s application of the metrics
    2. According to Akadiri et al. (2019), Italy’s environmental sustainability process needed globalization, income, and the energy to develop appropriate or balanced conservation policies
    3. Ren and Sovacool (2014) used a brief Chinese case study to generate energy metrics such as security, affordability, and availability compelled energy security approaches as well as policies

 

 

References

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