Scientific Project: Abstract Learning Objectives: 1) Understand the components of the scientific process. 2) Identify the most important details of the individual self-experiment. 3) Create a structured summary of a personal scientific experiment. Instructions: An abstract is usually found at the beginning of a scientific research article. It is a brief summary of the study. You can think of it as the movie trailer â€“ you watch the trailer to the movie to determine whether you want to go see the whole movie. When you read the abstract, you are determining whether or not you are interested in reading the rest of the article. While an abstract is often the very first part of a scientific article, it is the last part to be written. All academic journals have slightly different requirements for their abstracts. For this section of your scientific project, you are expected to create an abstract of your entire self-experiment. This final piece of your project should be written in past tense, as you are reporting on an experiment that you have already completed. Your abstract must not exceed 250 words. You must use the following 7 subheadings exactly to receive full credit: Title: Develop a title that best suits your experiment. Background: Provide 3-4 sentences of brief background information to shed light onto the specific topic that you addressed in your experiment. This is NOT an explanation of why you chose your topic (see examples below). Objective: This should be 1 sentence, and should finish the sentence: â€œThe purpose of this study wasâ€¦â€ This should NOT be phrased as a question. Methods: Briefly explain your methodology for your data collection. Unlike your â€œMethodsâ€ section of the project that you completed earlier in the quarter, this section should only include the important details of your procedures. You do not need to list specific brand names. The following 3 important details are required: 1) frequency of testing intervals, 2) manipulation of the independent variable, 3) how you measured the dependent variable. Results: State your most important finding(s), but do not explain them. You must include 1) your starting dependent variable value, 2) ending dependent variable value, and 3) total change (mean difference). All of these values should be presented as numbers, as you all have been required to conduct quantitative research. Conclusions: Explain your most important findings, and whether or not they agree with the present literature. You must make a comparison to published literature (it can be one statement). Word Count: You must present (clearly type out) your word count at the end of the abstract. You must reach a minimum of 200 words, but cannot exceed 250 words. You should NOT include your title or subheadings in your word count total.
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