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This focuses on one element of how governments approach disasters and preparations. Another area is the influence that governments have during disasters and how they “support” their population during a crisis. Disaster relief can be a powerful political tool in order to maintain control over their population.
Look at some recent disasters or Humanitarian events, such as the Ebola outbreak or the Haiti earthquake of 2010. From your readings, attempt to cite an example of how political influence can obstruct effective disaster operations. Briefly comment on what impact NGO’s may have- good or bad- in politically unstable environments.
For preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation of disaster events, political considerations are a significant factor, whether we want to believe it or not. The shortfalls that highlight in that political influence on disaster response in the response and preparation of the government of Haiti for the 2010 earthquake. The cases of loss of lives and destruction of property were so much more compared to that of Chile, which was majorly contributed by the political structures in the country (Harshaw, 2010). The Haitian government was ill prepared for the earthquake and it had ignored various regulatory warnings that were offered by the international community. The Haitian government could have improved the situation by making ample preparations before the disaster hit, including encouraging the movement of its citizens to less risky areas(Harshaw, 2010). Other preparations could have included liaising with the NGOs and the international community before the disaster hit, since they could learn from the earthquake responses of other countries. Private organizations such as USAID and UNDP have worked hand-in-hand with these governments to focus on the management models and logistics that are aimed at addressing the main areas of intervention.
Harshaw, T. (2010, January 13). Haiti and the Politics of Disaster. The New York Times. Retrieved Apr 5, 2018, from http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/01/13/ha…
Natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, volcanic eruptions and hurricanes are one type of disaster that governments face it. Although the most natural disasters are unavoidable and apolitical in origin, they may have serious political consequences for governments. In 2010 Haiti earthquake, large-scale earthquake that happened, on the West Indian island of Hispaniola. The most seriously concerned was Haiti. Actual death damage sustained difficult in the ensuing chaos. The Haitian government’s official count was more than 300,000, but other estimates were considerably smaller. Hundreds of thousands of survivors were displaced (Pallardy, R.,2019). Haiti had a quantity of 7.0 and an epicenter of Leganes, not only left 230,000 people dead, 300,000 people injured, and 1,000,000 people homeless; but also, left an already troubled political structure, lying in the rubble.
In addition, Haiti’s government has been unstable before the earthquake. We cannot say that the earthquake is the cause of the political struggle in Haiti now would be a whole overstatement, but it can be stated to have made it worse. After the earthquake, the government could do nothing but fall further down. The lack of structure before and the sudden disaster sent Haiti also in shock. The government of Haiti has always been struggling even before the earthquake that struck in the early months of 2010 (Politics in Haiti,2012).
The relief operations can divide into several phases: search and rescue; treatment and survival; relocation and rehabilitation; early recovery; and long-term reconstruction. As with any natural disaster that has many moving parts, it can take days to get a relief effort underway. Lack of transportation infrastructure, lack of access, all can cause bottlenecks at key points in the system. While timing is critical to saving lives. In the priorities, we should focus on search and rescue assistance, address an important need for food, clean water and sanitation, medical assistance, emergency shelter and setting up key infrastructure and logistics operations. So, the government of Haiti should work with NGOs organizations in natural disasters to improve relief operations.
Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen. (2010). Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response. 69.
Pallardy, R. (2019, April 01). 2010 Haiti earthquake. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/event/2010-Haiti-earthq…
Politics in Haiti. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://haitiearthquake.web.unc.edu/politics-in-hai…
Summarize what you have experienced this semester in regards to logistic operations and disasters, and theorize what you believe may be the next advancement or phase in logistics. It can be either disaster related or based upon a humanitarian response. Post early to stimulate discussion among other students.Bottom of Form